military, and as of recently, high school athletic coaches drug
test. Many of these people are insensitive, unscrupulous, and could
care less about constitutional rights. Some are forced into drug
testing, like coaches for example. Parents who can't parent their
children adequately have pressured high school coaches to enforce
their drug-free values at the expence of civil rights. I do not
know the methods these people use. It would be a full time job keep
track of testing procedures of different organizations.
Please don't email me asking if or how your health insurance provider
will drug test you. I don't know. If you have such a question, I
suggest posting it to the relevent newsgroups or the mailing list.
12.1 Which companies test, and which don't?:
There used to be a usenet 'Just-Say-No-To-Piss-Tests Project' keeping
an updated list of companies that either invade or respect your
privacy. If you have first person experience with a company, you
would report it to firstname.lastname@example.org They would provide bad publicity
for companies that test by adding it to the list. If you report
a company for not testing you, they would add it to the good list
(companies that respect your privacy). (see 14.2.3) Whoever maintained
this list may have dropped out of the scene because many are having
trouble getting a list. Those who do get the list, find that it's
a old one. A couple people in the mailing list discussed starting
a new one, but at the moment it doesn't seem to be going anywhere.
13. POLITICS AND ETHICS OF DRUG TESTING
(I'll keep this brief, this is not a position paper)
I believe drug testing is an unreasonable search, and that it forces
people to incriminate themselves. Many who take the same position
believe drug testing violates the 4th and 5th amendments. The counter
argument is that the Constitution doesn't apply to private organizations.
It comes down to these values. An employer's right to know who s/he
is hiring stands in conflict with an individual's right to privacy.
I wrote this paper because I value the right to privacy more. I
also believe people SHOULD have the right to consume any substance
they want [without limits] given that they are knowledgeable about
that chemical. Employers, like anyone, have been effected by the
Reafer Madness Movement. The government pushed massive amounts of
misinformation throughout communities and schools, and I don't believe
that employers are well informed enough yet to dictate what drugs
will harm the workplace.
The only effective way to select workers is to evaluate their performance
on the job. Drugs can actually improve performance. Aspirin relieves
pain, allowing a worker to continue. Marijuana (when consumed on
the job) makes repetitive factory oriented work more interesting,
which lengthens a workers attention span. Marijuana will actually
make some people more alert. After intensive testing, someone I
know can solve the Rubix Cube 20 seconds faster when stoned. (not
scientific proof, yet interesting). Stimulants will keep workers
productive at the end of long work days. If the negative effects
of drug use begin to show in the worker's performance, their employer
has a number of options for dealing with it.
Phil Smith summarizes an article in March 1990 Scientific American:
[The article] suggested that workers who tested positive for marijuana
only: 1) cost less in health insurance benefits; 2) had a higher
than average rate of promotion; 3) exhibited less absenteeism; and
4) were fired for cause less often than workers who did not test
positive. Since marijuana is the most common illicit drug used by
adults, and the one detected in up to 90 percent of all "positive"
drug tests (half of which are false), this fact has radical implications
for current public and employer policies.
I could hardly believe what I was reading, but this article did
carry sufficient statistical evidence.
I see greater negative effects in drug testing than in drug use.
In my opinion, drug testing is un-American because guilt is assumed
until the test proves innocence. Our current conservative totalitarian
Congress is extremely irresponsible, and the peoples' civil liberties
are suffering. This particular privacy violation costs businesses
$1.2 billion a year for urinalysis of their workers. The military
is notorious for their strict drug tests. (note that marijuana helped
soldiers in times of war). If you test positive in California, your
drivers license is automatically suspended for 6 months. Nightbyrd
has "counseled several, very straight, elderly workers - close
to retirement - who were fired and lost their pension benefits because
they 'failed their drug test'" (Jeff Nightbyrd).
Bernard Williams of the Philadelphia Eagles failed the drug test
for marijuana. He was suspended from the NFL for six games for using
a drug that doesn't enhance performance. If anything, marijuana
would detract from an athletes performance. Let the coach judge
Now it's becoming popular for parents to drug test their children.
Perfect; let's break up the families; cut down those lines of communication
and sneak around spying on our kids. Let's violate the child's privacy.
We use DARE like the salem witch hunts - to get children to turn
in their parents. Now with DrugAlert, parents have a weapon to use
on their kids.
The U.S. Supreme court just ruled June 1995 that public high schools
can require drug test for all student athletes. Many high schools
already do random searches on students; not for weapons, but for
drugs. After all, the Constitution has failed to protect children
in the classroom, why not expand? Students have lost 1st, 4th, and
5th amendment rights, and I think it's absurd. We have patriotic
history teachers telling children of their Constitutional rights,
yet children aren't given these rights on campus. Kids get kicked
out of school for questioning rules that violate the Constitution.
It's also important to consider the discrimination factor. People
with dark skin may fail the urine test due to the false positive
melenin. Drugs are detected easier in dark haired people when the
hair test is used.
We are sacrificing too many important rights by allowing drug testing
to continue. Until this unjust drug testing frenzy is put to an
end, children, workers, military service people, and parolee's need
to learn how to protect themselves from the drug test.
14. ABOUT THE AUTHOR
I have no medical or legal credentials. I haven't even been drug
tested myself (because I refuse to). I use the internet to research
drug testing, and compile this paper from that information. I've
talked to several knowledgeable people who either drug test, or
get drug tested. I'm an activist against the War on [Some] Drugs,
and I think that the government has taken the drug war to a ludicrous
level. Laws created by the legislature to protect me from myself
demonstrate how totalitarian this country has become. NORML reports
that every *9* seconds someone gets arrested for marijuana posession.
Incidentally, I've taken an interest in methods for 'beating the
system'; although I would only implement methods for beating an
unjust system (such as drug testing). I may find out how to beat
the breathalyzer test (and publish it), yet I remain strongly opposed
to DUI. That goes into my belief in freedom of information. The
government bans lots of information that should be public access.
14.1 Contacting the author:
You may e-mail comments/corrections/suggestions to me. Send questions
to the urine-test mailing list. This way several people including
me will get the question, and I won't be burdened with having to
reply to all the mass mail that I get. I probably won't be able
to answer questions that this paper doesn't answer, but I can direct
them to a more knowledgeable source. Here is my public key:
-----BEGIN PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK----- Version: 4.5 Comment: Top
Secret Underground Transmittal
PGpnb21ib3NAY3N1bi5lZHU+tBM8aGJjc2MwOTZAY3N1bi5lZHU+ =d137 -----END
PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK-----
I encourage everyone to use encryption, Uncle Sam is watching! I
also encourage everyone to use anonymous accounts, like anon.penet.fi.
If you don't have an anonymous account, I promise to keep your identity
confidential. I would never disclose my sources, even to a badge.
Eemail@example.com to get an anonymous account. I will assume
everyone wants to be anonymous, so I default to not publishing your
name or address in the credits. If you provide me with information
and want to be cited in the sources, tell me explicitly. Many of
my readers are experts in the field. If you want to be available
for consulting directly to the public, let me know and I'll add
your address to the sources.
Snail-Mail: 17950 Lassen St., 11-302,
Northridge, CA 91330
(anon1): an anonymous toxicologist. Details in section 16. Made
reference to Clin Pharmacol Ther 38 (85) 572-578 and Pharmacol Rev
38 (86) 151-178.
Thanks to everyone who contributed information! Many of my contributors
use anonymous accounts, or have requested that I keep them totally
anon1: Anonymous contributor #1 is a clinical biochemist/toxicologist
working as the non-medical director of a small clinical laboratory.
S/He holds three degrees: a masters in biochemistry, a bachelors
in chemistry and an associates in medical laboratory technology
and is certified as a Clinical Laboratory Scientist by NCA. S/He
has worked in the clinical laboratory field for 18 years and specifically
in drug testing labs for over fives years. In addition, s/he has
been recognized as a expert before several states and the federal
courts in matters relating to drug and alcohol testing and it effects
on driving performance. S/He has testified for both the prosecution
and defense so his/her testimony has been recognized as unbiased.
California NORML: helped with information on detection times.
Clinton (not Bill). Clinton has worked as a lab assistant in two
drug testing lab's, and has other family members in the field. In
usenet, Clinton is known as ZZYZX.
Dr. Grow firstname.lastname@example.org . Dr. Grow studies molecular biology.
Nightbyrd, Jeff (founder of Byrd Labs): Nightbyrd is the author
of the "Conquering the Urine Tests" pamphlet. His 11th
edition was updated in 1996 and is out via snail-mail for $5. The
pamphlet provides some more elaborate information, and includes
statistics and stories. Nightbyrd has worked several years on protecting
workers civil rights, and a majority of my information comes from
all the free consulting he has provided (he's practically a coauthor).
If anyone has a related law suit underway, Mr. Nightbyrd has one
of the most extensive libraries of materials in the country. E-mail
Pearson, Anne Watters (founder of Martha Butterfield-Jay Foundation):
Pearson is devoted to counseling and coaching people faced with
piss testing. E-mail email@example.com ;.
Smith, Phillip. Phillip Smith is a Portland NORML member who has
helped edit this paper, making corrections on grammar and content.
16.2 Works cited
Scientific American, "Science and the Citizen". March
1990. pp.18& 22
Thein, Lori A.; Thein, Jill M.; Landry, Gregory L. "Ergogenic
Aids. Special Series: Pharmacology." PHYSICAL THERAPY. May,
1995. p. 426
16.3 For additional information:
American Civil Liberties Union: 212/944-9800
Austin Nutritional Research: http://www.realtime.net/anr
Byrd Labs: Jeff Nightbyrd's creation. Byrd labs has run more than
2,000 tests on urine and additives. 800/333-2152
California NORML: 415/563-5858; e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org .
CAPP: Hi tech workers rights organization. 512/448-4804
Carson, Ed. JUST SAY NO TO DRUG TESTS - How to Beat the Whiz Quiz.
Conquering the Urine Tests: see Jeff Nightbyrd (16.1)
Digit Press (GA) Info Line: 404/924-1393
Drug Testing Hotline in California: 900/844-test
Fully Informed Jury Association: For free Jury Power Information
Kit, call 800/TEL-JURY. FIJA national snail-mail: PO Box 59
, Helmville, MT 59843.
406/793-5550. Mr. Peyman (FIJA affiliate) 714/838-2896.
Hoffman, Abbie. STEAL THIS URINE TEST.
J&;J Enterprizes (aka Freedom Wholesalers): Distributes The
Stuff and Naturally Klean Herbal Tea Direct questions to 800/883-3869.
FAX orders to 303/765-5732.
Snail-Mail: PO Box 102311,
Denver, CO 80250.
Klear: 40 4th Street #216,
Petaluma, CA 94952
Legal Action Center: 212/243-1313
Martha Butterfield-Jay Foundation (Oklahoma NORML): MBJF sent me
free literature, and a brochure on of their products. If you call,
a machine will answer. Calls will be returned collect.
P.O. Box 57214,
Oklahoma City, OK 73157
National Lawyers Guild: 212/614-6464
NORML: NORML operates a Drug Testing & Information Hotline.
I don't recommend this hotline. People have called this line needing
important drug testing information in a hurry, only to get a recording.
For the price, I would expect a live person. The charge is $2.95
per minute. 900/97-NORML. 1636 'R' St. N.W., 3rd Floor, Washington
NORML Legal Referral: 202/483-5500
Party Hut Enterprises: Carbo Clean, Purifyit, and Klear are $30
each. The purchaser pays COD and shipping. They do accept pre-paid
orders. If you would like to have more information about this product
or a catalog of the 100's of other products that they carry just
e-mail Charles Alvis. email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org
. They also have an online headshop located at http://www.paranod.com/~partyhut
Sampson Health Products:
Snail mail: 901 Rhode Rd.
, Kyle, Texas 78640.
Zydot Unlimited, Inc.: 800/725-2481
16.3.1 Drug testing consultants on the net:
If you want to be listed here as a free consultant, let me know.
These people are looking to answer tough questions. They say if
they don't know an answer, they'll research it for you.
Me: I'll make an effort to answer questions. If I can't answer
something, I'm in contact with toxicologists and other experts who
choose to remain anonymous. I will direct questions to them.
Jeff Nightbyrd: Consult Nightbyrd with any drug testing question.
Legal issues are his specialty.
16.3.2 Drug testing mailing list:
E-mail email@example.com with "subscribe urine-test Firstname
Lastname" as the body. Nicholas Merrill maintains the mailing
list as well as a WEB page saturated with information and links.
16.3.3 Sites and Internet sources: A list of sites relating
to drug testing.
My page has a rolling version of the drugtesting faq, meaning it's
updated continuously without a version number.
Other drug testing sites:
To get the perspective of drug testing advocates, visit:
read this page for entertainment purposes only :)
Drug testing sites to avoid: These sites may contain a lot of useful
information, but they also contain enough misinformation to cause
Cannabis Action Network: This is an extreme case of misinformation.
High Times: Some correct information can be found here, but there
is too much misinformation for me to endorse it.
16.2.4 Newsgroups: newsgroups of interest.